Understanding the Effects of Hydrogen on SCC of Pipelines

A thesis submitted in Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering University of Alberta, © Zeynab Shirband, 2016.

Near-neutral pH stress corrosion cracks (NNpH SCC) are developed under coating disbondments on the external surface of pipelines where the surface of pipeline is exposed to the soil solution. NNpH SCC initiation and early stage of growth is mainly governed by the dissolution process of steel. …This study aimed at understanding the contribution of these important factors to NNpH SCC. In this study, the role of coating disbondment on hydrogen ingress into pipeline steels and the effects of mill-scale and hydrotesting on NNpH SCC crack initiation are investigated.

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Failure analysis of a bridge crane shaft

A paper published in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis » on april 2014.

Failure analysis of a shaft used in a bridge crane has been carried out. The shaft fractured in the keyway with evidence of fatigue. The geometry of the keyway also promoted the initiation crack because the width and height were erroneously designed. It was concluded that all these factors produced fatigue failure.

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Analysis of abnormal fatigue failure of forklift forks

A paper published in  » Engineering Failure Analysis » finded on ScienceDirect.com.

The analysis of an abnormal failure of forklift forks is presented in this work. The investigation results suggested that failure occurred due to fatigue mechanism followed by sudden overload fracture. The orientation of fatigue fracture indicates abnormal lifting operation, favouring crack initiation from outer fork area which is the compression designed zone. Moreover, various surface flaws and weakness areas (such as surface marks, decarburized microstructures and weld zones) identified on the outer fork zone, compromise fatigue strength inducing premature crack nucleation and fast growth towards final failure.

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Low hardness on bearing race

An interesting paper in « Case studies in Engineering Failure Analysis » published on ScienceDirect.com.

Presence of decarburization on rolled bar coupled with out of square forging can lead to the presence of decarburized layer on one of the faces of a bearing race. This decarburized layer gives rise to low hardness on the face of the race. A series of examinations including micro-structural and macroscopic examinations on the defective samples revealed out of square forging as a root cause for the presence of the decarburized layer on a part of the one of the faces of a bearing outer race. This paper brings out the detail of investigation carried out.

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Failure analysis of a nose landing gear fork

2017-02-02_09h26_14This paper presents a detailed analysis of a nose landing gear failure. The developed work comes following an accident occurred in which the nose of the landing gear’s fork of a light aircraft bent during landing. Nose gear failures are a high concern in the aviation industry. According to Federal Aviation Administration, in average 55% of aircraft failures occur during takeoff and landing while the remaining occurs during flight


Vintage-La rupture en service des assemblages vissés

Vintage assemblages vissesLes experts en analyse de défaillances du Cetim ont réalisé courant 1988 une étude statistique de 139 cas de ruptures d’assemblages vissés. Les résultats ont montré que pour les deux tiers des cas traités, 53 % des cas de rupture est dû à un phénomène de fissuration progressive et 47 % correspond à des ruptures brutales. Pour le tiers restant, plusieurs causes  conjuguées étaient à l’origine des défaillances.

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Cracking of underground welded steel pipes caused by HAZ sensitization

An article on case study, published in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis« , on january 2013.

Low alloy steel welded pipes buried in the ground were sent for failure analysis investigation. Failure of steel pipes was not caused by tensile ductile overload but resulted from low ductility fracture in the area of the weld, which also contains multiple intergranular secondary cracks. The failure is most probably attributed to intergranular cracking initiating from the outer surface in the weld heat affected zone and propagated through the wall thickness.


Metallurgical investigation of different causes of center bursting led to wire breakage during production

2016-11-03_09h22_22A case study published in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis« , on january 2013.

Central bursting cause problem as it is hard to detect by means of surface check. In this paper, three broken wires which failed during production were investigated. In first two wires breakage took place due to formation of hard and brittle phase. In third case failure took place due to inappropriate drawing operations.

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Grooving corrosion of seam welded oil pipelines

A interesting paper in « Case study in Engineering Failure Analysis«  published on ScienceDirect.com.

24″ pipeline carrying oil was failed in the form of longitudinal crack at the 6 O’clock position resulting in oil spill. The failed pipe was investigated to reveal the main cause of its failure. Cracks were originated from weld defected sites, initiated by grooving corrosion, propagated by inertia at the normal designed pressure condition, and stopped when stress relief is attained.

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Cas Concrets de ruptures brutales

Avatar Cas ConcretsCinq cas d’analyses de ruptures brutales survenues en cours de fabrication, en essai et en service ont été réalisés au Cetim. Elles ont fait l’objet de fiches d’analyse de défaillance publiées en 1981 et 1982 dans la revue Cetim-information. Toujours d’actualité, retrouvez les dans la Mécatech du Cetim.

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