Understanding the Effects of Hydrogen on SCC of Pipelines

A thesis submitted in Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering University of Alberta, © Zeynab Shirband, 2016.

Near-neutral pH stress corrosion cracks (NNpH SCC) are developed under coating disbondments on the external surface of pipelines where the surface of pipeline is exposed to the soil solution. NNpH SCC initiation and early stage of growth is mainly governed by the dissolution process of steel. …This study aimed at understanding the contribution of these important factors to NNpH SCC. In this study, the role of coating disbondment on hydrogen ingress into pipeline steels and the effects of mill-scale and hydrotesting on NNpH SCC crack initiation are investigated.

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Publicités

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Industrial Components: Prediction, Prevention, and Models

2016-07-05_17h26_56

A paper find on ResearchGate and published in « Corrosion-Houston_Texas « – July 2016.

This paper gives an overview of the application of a model for structural integrity analysis of boiler tubes made of plain carbon steel exposed during operation to a local corrosion process and multiple hydrogen assisted degradation processes: hydrogen embrittlement and high-temperature hydrogen attack. The model is based on the correlation of mechanical properties to scanning electron microscopy fractography analysis of fracture surfaces in the presence of simultaneously active hydrogen embrittlement micro-mechanisms. The proposed model is practical for use as a predictive maintenance in power plants, as it is based on the use of standard macro-mechanical tests.

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Failure of rubber O-ring

A new interesting paper in  » Engineering Failure Analysis » published on ScienceDirect.com.

This paper presents the effects of hydrogen pressure, ambient temperature and pressure cycle pattern on fracture behavior of O-rings moulded from a peroxide-crosslinked EPDM rubber with white reinforcing filler under cyclic exposure to high-pressure hydrogen gas.

Read more at : Failure behavior of rubber O-ring under cyclic exposure to high-pressure hydrogen gas