Abrasive Wear Failure Analysis of Tungsten Carbide Hard facing on Carbon Steel Blade

This content has been downloaded from IOPscience, Series: Materials Science and Engineering 165 (2017),

This study investigate the abrasive wear failure of tungsten carbide hardfacing on continuous digester (CD) blade (carbon steel) in an environment of sulphuric acid and ilmenite ore mixture. Comparison being made on the hardness, thickness and microstructural of the hardfacing between unworn and 3 months old worn blade on few locations around the blade. The cross sections of the blade revealed non-uniform coverage of the hardfacing on the blade for both worn and unworn blade. The edge of the blade has the least amount of hardfacing thickness which with time acts as the point of failure during the wear process. The hardness obtained from both the unworn and worn samples are around 25% lower from the hardfacing electrode manufacturer’s hardness specification. Microstructural micrograph analysis of the hardfacing reveale

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Une base de données « Matériaux – Fatigue » au Cetim

cetim_donnee_fatigue_materiaux

Les industriels de différentes professions (Transmissions mécaniques, Machinisme agricole et Moteurs compresseurs) ont souhaité avoir une base de données en fatigue pour un certain nombre de matériaux.

Les caractéristiques mécaniques statiques et de fatigue sont 17reportées pour chaque matériau sous forme de fiches. Ces fiches permettent ainsi à l’utilisateur un accès rapide à l’information et peuvent être utilisées dans le cadre du dimensionnement en fatigue de ses pièces.

Source : Données « Matériaux – Fatigue » – Cetim – Centre technique des industries mécaniquescetim_cotenu-reserve-cotisants

Concerns of corrosive effects with respect to lightning protection systems

An interesting  paper published in  » Engineering Failure Analysis » on www.sciencedirect.com, Volume 57, November 2015.

Lightning protection system elements need to be selected from materials which are resistant to corrosion and should be protected from fast degradation. However, over the time corrosion will take place in the presence of galvanically dissimilar metals in the same electrolyte (moisture)……

This paper presents the causes of corrosion and recent developments in minimising the corrosion associated with lightning protection and grounding systems.

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Fatigue Failure Analysis of a Cooling Fan Blade

A paper published in  » Engineering Failure Analysis » on www.sciencedirect.com.

Fatigue failure of holding U-bolt of a cooling fan blade is analyzed. Fractography of the fracture surface reveals the characteristics of a fatigue fracture. Finite element modeling is used for stress analyzing. Analysis of the loading conditions indicates that the bolts are under multiaxial fatigue. ……..

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Multiscale fracture of cellular materials

A paper published in « International Journal of Terraspace Science and Engineering« , 2016.

This paper presents a review of mode I fracture toughness obtained by authors from micromechanical modeling and fracture toughness test……… The mode I fracture toughness was determine using three different specimens (Single Edge Notch Bending, Single Edge Crack and Asymmetric Semi Circular Bending). Different Polyurethane foam densities were investigated. Finally, a good correlation between analytical, numerical and experimental fracture toughness results was obtained.

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Failure analysis of a bridge crane shaft

A paper published in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis » on april 2014.

Failure analysis of a shaft used in a bridge crane has been carried out. The shaft fractured in the keyway with evidence of fatigue. The geometry of the keyway also promoted the initiation crack because the width and height were erroneously designed. It was concluded that all these factors produced fatigue failure.

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Brittle fracture of a grade E cast steel knuckle

This paper was published in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis » on April 2014. It investigated the brittle fracture mechanism of a grade E cast steel knuckle that is one of the key components of the coupler for railway wagon.

As a result, it can be inferred that under an impact load that did not exceed material fracture limit, the micro-cracks initiated from weld repair zone propagated rapidly into the inner matrix by continuously fracturing the dendrites along shrinkage porosity regions until the knuckle failed instantly.

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Analysis of abnormal fatigue failure of forklift forks

A paper published in  » Engineering Failure Analysis » finded on ScienceDirect.com.

The analysis of an abnormal failure of forklift forks is presented in this work. The investigation results suggested that failure occurred due to fatigue mechanism followed by sudden overload fracture. The orientation of fatigue fracture indicates abnormal lifting operation, favouring crack initiation from outer fork area which is the compression designed zone. Moreover, various surface flaws and weakness areas (such as surface marks, decarburized microstructures and weld zones) identified on the outer fork zone, compromise fatigue strength inducing premature crack nucleation and fast growth towards final failure.

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Etude des ruptures de vis pédiculaires en Ti6Al4V

Un article intéressant paru dans « Engineering Failure Analysis« , Octobre 2012 concernant l’analyse de la  défaillance de dix vis pédiculaires en Ti6Al4V explantées de 5 patients qui ont eu une rupture dans les 5 ans après implantation.

Les vis pédiculaires sont couramment utilisées pour améliorer l’immobilisation de la colonne vertébrale dans le traitement de plusieurs maladies du rachis. Cependant, les taux de fractures de vis sont encore élevés de nos jours. Les efforts visant à assurer la conception et le choix des matériaux doit être encouragés. 

La fatigue sous sollicitations de flexion a été le principal mécanisme responsable des ruptures. Les fractures ont eu lieu près du filetage d’extrémité ou au niveau du filetage intermédiaire. Dans certains cas, de la corrosion sous tension a été associée à l’initiation de la rupture. La microstructure lamellaire ou en plaque, le faible rayon du fond de filet et la rugosité de surface ont été des facteurs impliqués dans ces défaillances.

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Fatigue fracture of cutter blade made of high-speed steel

An interesting  paper in « Case study in Engineering Failure Analysis » published on ScienceDirect.com. This paper presents the failure analysis of broken blade of the cutter Ku 500VX. The damage of the blade was caused by changes of the structure (formation of the brittle micro dendritic structure) that occurred during manual electric engraving process when the material was heated till its melting point. As a results the stresses occurred in surface what provided to micro cracking and to propagate the fatigue fracture. The origin of this fatigue fracture was in the place where the inscription was made.

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