Détériorations des roulements

SNRUn document de SNR-Industry fait la synthèse des détériorations pouvant survenir dans les roulements.

Vous rencontrer ce type de défaillance, n’hésitez pas à contacter les experts du Cetim, ils vous aideront à trouver une solution.

SQR

In vivo shell-like fractures of veneered-ZrO2 fixed dental prostheses

A non commum case study of failure analysis published in october 2014 in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis« .

Fractographic analyses are performed in two fixed dental prosthetic reconstructions made of ZrO2 frameworks covered by a veneering ceramic that fractured during function in the mouth. Internal thermal residual stresses and occlusal surface defects from localized contact overloading were found to precipitate the fracture in Case 1, whereas extreme occlusal surface damage from sliding chewing contact was determinant in the fracture of Case 2. The interface between the veneering ceramic and the ZrO2 framework was unaffected by the fractures.

Source : In vivo shell-like fractures of veneered-ZrO2 fixed dental prostheses

Grooving corrosion of seam welded oil pipelines

A paper published in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis« , october 2014.

24” pipeline carrying oil was failed in the form of longitudinal crack at the 6 O’clock position resulting in oil spill. The failed pipe was investigated to reveal the main cause of its failure. The procedure of investigation was built on studying the intact pipe, rupture area, parent material, and intact weld. Cracks were originated from weld defected sites, initiated by grooving corrosion, propagated by inertia at the normal designed pressure condition, and stopped when stress relief is attained.

Source : Grooving corrosion of seam welded oil pipelines

Weld failure analysis of 2205 duplex stainless steel nozzle

A publication in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysiss, october 2014.

Failure analyses of weld joint between the nozzle and the head of the reactor made of 2205 duplex stainless steel was performed by optical microscopy (OM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Cracks were found in HAZ of the weld. The depth of the cracks is equal to the thickness of the inner weld. Localized uneven distribution of ferrite/austenite with 80-90% ferrite in weld is found. Results show that the cracks occurred along columnar granular with cleavage fracture. Poor weld process probably results in these cracks.

Source : Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis

Formation – Analyser les défaillances des polymères : 18 au 22 septembre 2017

catalogue-formations-2017Cinq jours pour devenir un pro de l’analyse de défaillances sur les pièces plastiques, élastomères et composites. C’est ce que propose cette formation délivrée au Cetim à Nantes.

Au programme, une présentation générale des matériaux, de la démarche à adopter pour analyser une défaillance, ainsi que la découverte et l’approfondissement des moyens et techniques employés en analyse de défaillances des pièces polymères et composites : contrôle non destructifs, fractographie, moyens de caractérisation physico-chimiques, microscopie électronique à balayage. L’étude de cas réels est également prévue, avec la mise en commun des pratiques et résultats d’investigations. Cette formation est ouverte aux ingénieurs et techniciens de niveau Bac+2 minimum possédant des notions de bases sur les polymères.

La prochaine cession se tiendra du : 18 au 22 septembre 2017

Pour plus d’informations et inscription cliquer ici

Cas Concrets – Des ruptures brutales

Avatar Cas ConcretsQuatre fiches de cas d’analyses de défaillances survenues en service : une pièce de jonction en acier, un extincteur à gaz en alliage d’aluminium, une pièce d’attelage en acier mécano soudé et un essieu directeur de chariot élévateur, peuvent être consultées dans la Mécatech du Cetim.

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Abrasive Wear Failure Analysis of Tungsten Carbide Hard facing on Carbon Steel Blade

This content has been downloaded from IOPscience, Series: Materials Science and Engineering 165 (2017),

This study investigate the abrasive wear failure of tungsten carbide hardfacing on continuous digester (CD) blade (carbon steel) in an environment of sulphuric acid and ilmenite ore mixture. Comparison being made on the hardness, thickness and microstructural of the hardfacing between unworn and 3 months old worn blade on few locations around the blade. The cross sections of the blade revealed non-uniform coverage of the hardfacing on the blade for both worn and unworn blade. The edge of the blade has the least amount of hardfacing thickness which with time acts as the point of failure during the wear process. The hardness obtained from both the unworn and worn samples are around 25% lower from the hardfacing electrode manufacturer’s hardness specification. Microstructural micrograph analysis of the hardfacing reveale

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Failure analysis of a bridge crane shaft

A paper published in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis » on april 2014.

Failure analysis of a shaft used in a bridge crane has been carried out. The shaft fractured in the keyway with evidence of fatigue. The geometry of the keyway also promoted the initiation crack because the width and height were erroneously designed. It was concluded that all these factors produced fatigue failure.

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Brittle fracture of a grade E cast steel knuckle

This paper was published in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis » on April 2014. It investigated the brittle fracture mechanism of a grade E cast steel knuckle that is one of the key components of the coupler for railway wagon.

As a result, it can be inferred that under an impact load that did not exceed material fracture limit, the micro-cracks initiated from weld repair zone propagated rapidly into the inner matrix by continuously fracturing the dendrites along shrinkage porosity regions until the knuckle failed instantly.

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4 Cas Concrets de ruptures

Avatar Cas ConcretsQuatre cas d’analyses de défaillances par ruptures survenues sur des organes de machines de divers horizons : un tirant de palier, un arbre de roue, un corps de piston et un corps d’amortisseur de tampon de wagon ferroviaire.

Ces quatre fiches d’analyse de défaillances avaient été publiées en avril 1987 dans le numéro 100 de la revue Cetim-information. Elles sont toujours d’actualité.

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