Failure analysis of a pressure vessel

A  « Case Studies in E
ngineering Failure Analysis
 » published on ScienceDirect.com.

High strength low alloy (HSLA) steel with a nominal composition of 0.15C–1.25Cr–1Mo–0.25V is being extensively used in space programme. Owing to its ease of fabrication and welding, a tank was fabricated out of this alloy. The tank is used to contain strontium per chlorate which on combustion develop secondary thrust, effectively used during attitude control of satellite launch vehicle. During one of the routine qualification tests, a tank had failed at an internal pressure of 109 bar, against a designed proof pressure of 120 bar.

Failure was initiated from long seam weld of a cylindrical shell and propagated into the parent material thereafter. Detailed metallurgical investigation has been carried out to understand the cause of failure. …..Read more

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Failure analysis of a high strength low alloy  steel pressure vessel

2016-11-16_18h21_36A paper published in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis« , available on sciencedirect.com.

High strength low alloy (HSLA) steel with a nominal composition of 0.15C–1.25Cr–1Mo–0.25V is being extensively used in space programme. Owing to its ease of fabrication and welding, a tank was fabricated out of this alloy. The tank is used to contain strontium per chlorate which on combustion develop secondary thrust, effectively used during attitude control of satellite launch vehicle. During one of the routine qualification tests, a tank had failed at an internal pressure of 109 bar, against a designed proof pressure of 120 bar.

Failure was initiated from long seam weld of a cylindrical shell and propagated into the parent material thereafter. Detailed metallurgical investigation has been carried out to understand the cause of failure. This paper brings out the detail of investigation carried out.

Read more ….

Undercutting Formation Mechanism in Gas Metal Arc Welding

2016-06-04_07h59_57A vision­based sensing system was improved to acquire 2D images of weld pool shape and tracer particle movement simultaneously. …..

Based on analysis of tracer particle movement, roles of different associated forces, such as gravity, arc drag force, Maragoni force, magnetic force, droplet impact, and viscous force, were investigated. The results show that liquid metal under the arc decreases to a thin liquid layer if the welding speed is more than 1.0 m/min. This phenomenon makes viscous resistance increase in the thin liquid layer, which impedes transverse spreading of liquid metal. Thus, it is difficult for the weld toe to be filled by molten metal. Meanwhile, experiments revealed the amount of forward molten metal can be ignored in the front and middle of the weld pool. Therefore, it is difficult for the weld toe to be filled by the backward molten metal. As a result, undercutting defects appear during high­speed welding……..

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Failure analysis of a high strength low alloy steel pressure vessel

 

A Failure Analysis published in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis » october 2013.

High strength low alloy (HSLA) steel with a nominal composition of 0.15C–1.25Cr–1Mo–0.25V is being extensively used in space programme. Owing to its ease of fabrication and welding, a tank was fabricated out of this alloy. The tank is used to contain strontium per chlorate which on combustion develop secondary thrust, effectively used during attitude control of satellite launch vehicle. During one of the routine qualification tests, a tank had failed at an internal pressure of 109 bar, against a designed proof pressure of 120 bar.

Failure was initiated from long seam weld of a cylindrical shell and propagated into the parent material thereafter. Detailed metallurgical investigation has been carried out to understand the cause of failure. This paper brings out the detail of investigation carried out.

Read more

Failure cause analysis of deaerator/sourgas stripper cylinder

A interesting paper in « Case study in Engineering Failure Analysis » published on ScienceDirect.com.

Circular penetrable cracks occurred at the converge region of upward acid media (H2S and HCOOH) in the opposite position of traverse vapor ingress pipe of the lower part of the upper sealing head of the deaerator/sourgas stripper during the operation of the deaerator/sourgas stripper of the ammonia unit in a chemical fertilizer plant.

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Failure analysis of cracked Brass turrets

A interesting paper in « Case study in Engineering Failure Analysis » published on ScienceDirect.com. Copper alloys are widely used in electrical circuits mainly due to their electrical conductivity. This paper describes cracking of turret terminals made of free cutting brass during swaging operation.

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