Failure analysis of a pressure vessel

A  « Case Studies in E
ngineering Failure Analysis
 » published on

High strength low alloy (HSLA) steel with a nominal composition of 0.15C–1.25Cr–1Mo–0.25V is being extensively used in space programme. Owing to its ease of fabrication and welding, a tank was fabricated out of this alloy. The tank is used to contain strontium per chlorate which on combustion develop secondary thrust, effectively used during attitude control of satellite launch vehicle. During one of the routine qualification tests, a tank had failed at an internal pressure of 109 bar, against a designed proof pressure of 120 bar.

Failure was initiated from long seam weld of a cylindrical shell and propagated into the parent material thereafter. Detailed metallurgical investigation has been carried out to understand the cause of failure. …..Read more

Leg Weld Fatigue Cracks in Anhydrous Ammonia Nurse Tanks

A new case study of failure analysis was published on  Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis, april 2015

In an accident in southwest Iowa, USA in 2012, an anhydrous ammonia nurse tank vented its entire cargo of 5500 liters (1500 gallons) of liquid ammonia to the atmosphere. Follow-up study of the failed tank revealed a through-crack along a weld used to connect the tank to its running gear. The authors recommend that side-angle ultrasound be considered for use in periodic nurse tank inspections.

via Leg Weld Fatigue Cracks in Anhydrous Ammonia Nurse Tanks.