Burst of a reactor occurred in an explosion accident during the production of antistatic agent process. According to the results of site survey, the current regulations and standards as well as the requirements of the accident investigation group, the reason of burst was discussed by failure analysis of the shell and bolts.
An interesting publication in “Engineering Failure Analysis” available online 24 April 2014.
A nearly authentic translation of Adolf Martenś investigation report on the failure of numerous hydrogen storage cylinders is provided.
- Explosion of the iron containers caused immense destruction on the air field Berlin-Tempelhof in 1894.
- The translation reveals very detailed experimental procedures and at that time quite modern materials testing technologies.
- The importance of Adolf Martens as a pioneer in conducting failure investigations becomes obvious.
The authors present the lessons learned from this incident through their direct involvement with the incident investigation as well as a review of previous, similar incidents investigated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The root cause and contributory factors for this explosion are discussed and recommendations provided on how similar incidents might be avoided in the future. One of the authors serves on the NFPA committee responsible for publishing the standard on safe storage, handling and use of ethylene oxide, and the paper concludes with an regulatory and industry perspective on alternative designs and equipment that could have prevented the exp.