Sulfide stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen induced cracking

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A case study published in « Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis » on www.sciencedirect.com.

The wellhead flow control valve bodies which are the focal point of this failure case study were installed in some of the upstream facilities of Khangiran’s sour gas wells. These valve bodies have been operating satisfactorily for 3 years in wet H2S environment before some pits and cracks were detected in all of them during the periodical technical inspections. During investigation many cracks were observed on the inner surface of the valve body grown from the surface pits. The results indicate that flow control valve body failed due to combination of hydrogen induced corrosion cracking (HICC) and sulfide stress corrosion cracking (SSCC). According to HIC and SSC laboratory tests and also with regard to cost of engineering materials, it was evident that the best alternative for the valve body alloy is A217-WC9 cast Cr–Mo steel.

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