A new interesting paper in « Case studies in Engineering Failure Analysis » published on ScienceDirect.com.
There were three consecutive occurrences of bellows failure in a particular pressure safety valve (PSV) of a petroleum refinery within a time span of one week. The bellows were made of 316L grade austenitic stainless steel, and the PSV was mounted on one of the vessels of vacuum gas oil service in a hydrocracker unit. Metallurgical analysis of the failed bellows revealed that the failure had occurred by stress corrosion cracking (SCC). This paper brings out the detail of investigation carried out.